28 Juni 2016

Exercise Koa Moana: The First Direct Training Between U.S. Marines, Papua New Guinea Defence Force

28 Juni 2016

 Exercise Koa Moana (photos : US Marines)

PORT MORESBY, PAPUA NEW GUINEA -- More than 130 service members from the Papua New Guinea Defence Force, U.S. Marine Corps and Navy mesh as one formation, despite the extreme heat and scorching sun, to celebrate the beginning of a beneficial future for all three components.

Task Force Koa Moana and soldiers with the PNGDF held an opening ceremony for Exercise Koa Moana, at Taurama Barracks, Papua New Guinea, June 18, 2016.

“This exercise is going to be the first of what should be many opportunities to broaden and deepen the ties of friendship and professionalization,” said Joel F. Maybury, the Deputy Chief of Mission with the U.S. Embassy in Papua New Guinea. “We’ve been looking for a number of ways for the U.S. and PNG to come together, whether it’s military, economic commercial or cultural arena.”

The task force arrived in Papua New Guinea via USNS Sacagawea, June 17, 2016, after traveling from Timor Leste for Exercise Crocodilo 16, as part of their deployment in the Asia-Pacific region. The PNGDF Navy had the opportunity to test their capabilities by using one of their naval vessels to transport the Marines, Sailors and their gear from ship to ship to shore.

“The purpose of Exercise Koa Moana, which means ‘ocean warrior’ in the Hawaiian language, is to practice skills in various military fields, resulting in a skills transfer between both organizations,” said Col. Siale Diro, the Chief of Force Preparation for land and sea elements in the PNGDF. “It is important to build our relationship and our military partnership with our allies.”

The PNGDF has trained frequently with the U.S. Army, but this marks the first opportunity for them to train with the U.S. Marines directly, specifically in infantry tactics, combat lifesaving techniques, engineering capabilities and non-lethal law enforcement capabilities.

“This exercise provides a very good platform to build our relationship with the U.S. Marines,” said Diro. “We have a long standing relationship with the U.S. military. We understand their role in the region and we share the same values of liberty, individual rights, democracy and freedom of speech.”

Papua New Guinea is the second of four destinations scheduled during Task Force Koa Moana’s deployment, which has been assigned the mission of conducting multi-national, bilateral exercises with multiple nations to increase interoperability and relations to preserve peace and stability in the Pacific.

“The big picture is global and regional security,” said Maybury. “Our friends and allies in the Pacific are important.”

US Marines)

Mengintip Budget MEF Tahap 2 (2015-2019)

28 Juni 2016

Pesawat tempur TNI AU (photo : Indonesian Military)

Kabinet kerja pimpinan Presiden Joko Widodo sudah berlangsung hampir 2 tahun. Selama itu pula para antusias pertahanan harap harap cemas akan kelanjutan program Minimum Essensial Forces tahap 2. Hingga kini belum ada informasi sahih mengenai pengadaan alutsista baru. Namun ARCinc mendapatkan data resmi dari Pemerintah terkait kelanjutan MEF tahap 2.

Data itu berupa dana atau budget yang akan disediakan untuk pembangunan pertahanan tahun 2015-2019, bersumber dari Bappenas. Sebagaimana biasanya, sumber dana berasal dari pinjaman dalam negeri serta luar negeri.

Pinjaman Luar Negeri

Dari dana pinjaman luar negeri, total Kemenhan mendapat alokasi US $ 7,7 miliar, dengan porsi terbesar untuk TNI AU yairu senilai lebih dari 3 miliar dollar. Dilihat dari besaran dana, tampaknya TNI AU akan membeli fighter senilai 1,2 miliar dolar serta pesawat transport senilai 1 miliar dollar. Sementara TNI AL juga menitik beratkan pengadaan peralatan striking dengan membeli kapal selam senilai 1,2 miliar serta kapal perang senilai sekitar 1 miliar dolar. Sementara TNI AD juga mengedepankan pengadaan helikopter dan disusul artileri medan. Untuk jelasnya, simak bagan dibawah ini.

Pinjaman Dalam Negeri

Lalu untuk pendanaan dari pinjaman dalam negeri juaranya adalah TNI AL dengan alokasi dana hampir Rp 7 trilyun. Hampir setengahnya dialokasikan untuk pengadaan KCR-60. Disusul pengadaan kapal OPV senilai 2 trilyun rupiah. TNI AD menjadi urutan kedua dengan alokasi dana pinjaman untuk kendaraan tempur.

Sementara TNI AU dengan alokasi sekitar 3 trilyun rupiah, hampir setengahnya akan dibelikan NC-212 versi terbaru. Simak data dibawah ini untuk lengkapnya. Bisa pula disimpulkan pengadaan dari pinjaman dalam negeri lebih banyak diperuntukan untuk industri pertahanan dalam negeri.

Data data yang dikeluarkan Bappenas ini tidak semuanya menyebutkan merk dan jenis alutsista tertentu. Utamanya untuk dana yang berasal dari pinjaman luar negeri. Namun dengan alokasi yang ada, bolehlah kita sedikit berharap pembangunan kekuatan TNI masih terus berlanjut.


Hanwha Techwin Bags 240 bln won Deal to Supply KF-X Engine Parts

28 Juni 2016

KF-X fighter jet (image : nownews)

Hanwha Techwin bags 240 bln won deal with S. Korea's aircraft maker

SEOUL (Yonhap) -- Hanwha Techwin, a South Korean defense manufacturer, said Monday that it has signed a parts supply deal worth 241 billion won (US$204 million) with Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd. (KAI), the country's sole aircraft manufacturer.

The deal is designed to localize parts of the engine for South Korea's next-generation fighter jets, Hanwha Techwin said in a regulatory filing.

In May, South Korea picked U.S. company General Electric as the preferred bidder to supply engines for the KF-X project.

KAI said Hanwha Techwin is set to import GE engines and localize some of them, and assemble the engines before delivering them to the South Korean government for the project.

The KF-X project calls for building 120 locally made twin-engine combat jets. South Korea plans to deploy the new planes starting in the mid-2020s to replace its aging jet fleet of F-4s and F-5s.

Shares of Hanwha Techwin closed up 2.94 percent at 47,200 won on the Seoul bourse on Monday.

Hanwha Group took over Samsung Techwin, the defense manufacturing unit of Samsung Group, and renamed it Hanwha Techwin last year.


Vietnam Eyes Secondhand Japanese Defense Gear

28 Juni 2016

JMSDF P-3C Orion (photo : US Navy)

HANOI -- Vietnam is looking to beef up its defense capabilities, particularly now that the U.S. has fully lifted its arms embargo against the country.

It is especially keen to enhance its air patrols to counter China, which has been building military facilities on artificial islands in the South China Sea. The problem is the hefty price tag of U.S. gear. As an alternative, Vietnam is apparently looking to buy cheaper secondhand aircraft from Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force.

More than a bargain

Vietnam has long wanted anti-submarine aircraft and many analysts thought Vietnam would move quickly to purchase one from the U.S. once the arms embargo was lifted. But Japan has also emerged as a potential supplier. According to a Japanese official, the Vietnamese navy informally asked in the spring to buy retired MSDF P-3C anti-submarine aircraft.

The P-3C patrol plane is a derivative of the P-3 Orion, a surveillance plane made by Lockheed Martin of the U.S. Japan's Kawasaki Heavy Industries is licensed to build the aircraft, which has broad search capabilities and is good at detecting submarines. The MSDF is said to own about 80 of the planes.

Vietnam frets about China's underwater threat. Beijing is estimated to have at least 70 submarines. The Southeast Asian country has purchased six Kilo-class submarines from Russia since 2015. But that is far from enough to counter China. An improved air patrol fleet is essential to its anti-submarine capabilities.

Reuters reports that Vietnam is expected to ask Lockheed Martin to for pricing and availability data on four to six older U.S. Navy P-3 Orions in the next few months. A brand-new P-3 would probably go for at least $80 million, which would keep Vietnam from buying more than one at a time.

But money is not the only reason why Vietnam is turning to Japan. First, Japan will have more P-3C aircraft available. The MSDF has been replacing the propeller-driven planes with the cutting-edge P-1 jet since 2013. Also, Vietnam hopes to get training along with the planes. P-3C pilots must be able to distinguish enemy submarines from other craft by the sound of their screws, for instance. The MSDF is considered to be one of the most sophisticated operators of the aircraft in the world. Vietnam appears to think it would be easier to learn from Japan, with which it has political and economic ties.

In addition, Vietnam apparently hopes to hone its skills through joint exercises with the MSDF. Japanese P-3Cs have been visiting Danang, in central Vietnam, for several years. This year, the two sides are scheduled to hold joint search and rescue drills. For the MSDF, the exercise is an opportunity to show off its humanitarian work. For Vietnam, it could provide advance training with the P-3C.

In late May, after meeting with visiting U.S. President Barack Obama, Tran Dai Quang, his Vietnamese counterpart, welcomed the complete lifting of the 41-year-old arms embargo, which dates to the end of the Vietnam War. "Both countries have completely normalized relations," Tran said at a joint news conference with Obama after their meeting.


Tawaran Resmi Saab : 6 Gripen Dirakit di Indonesia

28 Juni 2016

Saab Gripen E/F (photo : Saab)

Saab Swedia resmi tawarkan JAS39 Gripen kepada Indonesia

Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Pesawat tempur multi peran buatan Saab Swedia, JAS39 Gripen, secara resmi telah ditawarkan kepada pemerintah Indonesia. 

“Kami telah mengajukan proposal resmi kepada Kementerian Indonesia pada Februari lalu dan kami menawarkan berbagai pola kerja sama dan transfer teknologi yang baik,” kata Kepala Saab Indonesia, Carl Calqvist, di Jakarta, Senin malam. 

Sejauh ini JAS39 Gripen telah dibuat hingga versi JAS39 Gripen A/B, JAS39 Gripen C/D, dan JAS39 Gripen NG (E/F) yang teknologinya melongkapi pesawat tempur di kelasnya. Sebagai misal, jarak tempuhnya1.680 kilometer alias berdiameter 3.360 kilometer, atau lebih dari setengah panjang wilayah Indonesia. 

Untuk Indonesia, katanya, Saab membuka seluas-luasnya pilihan varian yang diinginkan, apakah JAS39 Gripen C/D atau JAS39 Gripen NG (E/F), yang baru diluncurkan pada 18 Mei 2016 lalu di Linkoping, Swedia. 

Saab dari kantor pusatnya di Stockholm, kata dia, menawarkan pola pembelian dan kerja sama serta pengembangan dan teknologi untuk satu skuadron pesawat tempur. Jumlah normatif pesawat tempur dalam satu skuadron adalah 16 unit walau bisa lebih banyak atau lebih sedikit dari angka itu. 

“Yang menarik, enam di antara jumlah yang dibeli Indonesia itu nanti akan dirakit di Indonesia. Ini proses penting untuk penguasaan teknologinya,” kata dia. 

Pelibatan perguruan tinggi dan institusi penelitian-pengembangan dan industri pertahanan nasional yang terletak di Indonesia juga masuk dalam pasal tawaran proposal itu. 

Dia katakan, paling tidak 1.000 tenaga kerja ahli Indonesia bisa turut dalam proyek pengembangan berbasis pembelian JAS39 Gripen dari Saab itu. 

Swedia sangat dikenal dengan konsep Triple Helix-nya, di mana pemerintah, institusi pendidikan tinggi-penelitian dan pengembangan, dan industri pertahanan berada dalam visi dan derap langkah yang sama.

Cockpit pesawat Gripen E (photo : Saab)

“Kami bukan negara super power dan kami sangat sadar itu. Inilah yang membuat kami mengembangkan semuanya secara cerdas dan terpadu dalam sistem yang telah teruji dan kami menaruh perhatian sangat besar pada kualitas SDM,” kata dia. 

Sisa dari unit JAS39 Gripen yang dipesan Indonesia, katanya, dibangun di hanggar produksinya di Linkoping, Swedia. “Akan dikerjakan bersama dengan para teknisi dan ahli dari Indonesia dalam proses pembuatan dari awal hingga akhir di hanggar produksinya di Linkoping,” kata Calqvist. 

“Semuanya nanti akan menyesuaikan dengan keperluan Indonesia dan kami terbuka untuk berdialog tentang itu,” kata dia. 

Dia mengungkap nilai kontrak yang bisa diajukan, yaitu 1,14 miliar dolar Amerika Serikat untuk paket pembelian satu skuadron JAS39 Gripen itu. 

“Saya bisa katakan, 85 persen dari jumlah itu akan berupa alih teknologi dan kerja sama industri pertahanan yang produknya bisa dipergunakan untuk kepentingan lain, sesuai keperluan Indonesia,” kata dia. 

Jika Indonesia menunjukkan komitmennya, kata dia, salah satu hal penting yang juga Saab ajukan adalah investasi dari sisi Indonesia pada aspek peningkatan kualitas SDM Indonesia untuk bidang teknik dan rekayasa teknologi.

Dia menyatakan, ada beberapa skema dan tahapan yang dirancang dalam pola kerja sama pada proposal itu. 

Operator —dalam hal ini TNI AU— di antaranya akan bisa memperbaiki dan mereparasi pada tahap tertentu sehingga menghemat pengeluaran untuk pemeliharaan dan perawatan karena bisa dilaksanakan di Indonesia.

Indonesia berniat mengganti armada F-5E/F Tiger II di Skuadron Udara 14 TNI AU yang telah berdinas lebih dari 30 tahun dan teknologinya sudah jauh ketinggalan. Semula disebut-sebut akan ada beberapa pesawat tempur yang digadang-gadang akan beradu peruntungan. 

Mereka adalah F-16 Viper (alias F-16 Block 60 Fighting Falcon) buatan Lockheed Martin, Amerika Serikat, Sukhoi Su-35 (Knaapo, Rusia), Eurofighter Typhoon (Airbus Military, konsorsium Airbus), dan JAS39 Gripen C/D dan kini JAS39 Gripen NG (E/F) (Saab, Swedia). 

Berbeda dengan yang lain-lain, Saab menjamin unit pesawat tempur bermesin tunggal multi peran (interseptor, serang darat, dan pengamatan-pengendalian tempur) ini bisa mendarat di Bumi Pertiwi hanya 12 bulan setelah kontrak pasti ditandatangani. 

Umumnya pesawat tempur baru benar-benar hadir unitnya di negara pemesan antara tiga hingga lima tahun setelah kontrak pasti ditandatangani. 

Ekskalasi pertahanan dan politik di Laut China Selatan serta zone ekonomi eksklusif Indonesia di perairan Kepulauan Natuna semakin tinggi dan Indonesia perlu pesawat tempur multi peran yang bisa digelar bahkan dari pangkalan aju dengan dukungan paling minim sekalipun. 

Sampai saat ini, JAS39 Gripen NG dan keluarga Gripen secara keseluruhan merupakan “pendatang baru” dalam khasanah pesawat tempur canggih dunia. 

JAS39 Gripen diketahui --berdasarkan data teknis dan pengalaman empirik pengguna-- bisa lepas landas dan mendarat pada angka ratusan meter saja di jalan raya selebar 15 meter. 

Untuk mendukung operasionalisasi dan perawatan/pemeliharaan lapangan satu skuadron penuh JAS39 Gripen, cukup diladeni belasan teknisi dan peralatan serta suku cadang yang dibawa dalam satu C-130 Hercules.

Dia berhadapan dengan keluarga Sukhoi Su-27, Su-30, dan Su-35, juga dengan keluarga F-16 Fighting Falcon, Eurofighter Typhoon, dan Dassault Rafale (Prancis).


27 Juni 2016

Hobart Progresses Towards Sea Trials for the Combat System

27 Juni 2016

HMAS Hobart on June 2016 (photo : LordHello1)

AWD Alliance celebrates the opening of the RAN’s Navy Training Systems Centre whilst the first destroyer, Hobart, progresses towards sea trials for the combat system.

This week marks further progress for the Air Warfare Destroyer (AWD) project, as the Royal Australian Navy officially opened its Navy Training Systems Centre at Randwick Barracks in New South Wales on 8 April.

The purpose-built facility will provide the location for the RAN to deliver training for both the AWD and Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) capabilities, demonstrating one of the many facility requirements that the AWD Alliance has delivered as part of the project to date.

This milestone comes as the first Air Warfare Destroyer (AWD) Hobart advances further towards sea trials with the activation of a number of significant combat systems. .

The AWD Alliance team, comprised of Raytheon Australia, ASC and the Department of Defence, has invested over the last decade in developing the people, processes, tools and supplier relationships required to integrate and activate such highly technical and complex systems.

In its role as the Combat Systems Integrator, Raytheon Australia is responsible for the design, integration, testing and activation of the Hobart Class Combat System for all three destroyers, as well as delivery of the associated land-based support facilities. This involves the integration of 10 major subsystems, including the Aegis Weapon System, which is provided through Foreign Military Sales, and associated delivery of more than 3,500 major pieces of combat system equipment required to establish the warfighting capability of the AWD for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).

AWD Program Manager Commodore Craig Bourke, CSC, RAN, said that the collegiate approach for developing the Hobart Class Combat System Solution, led by Raytheon Australia has achieved the expected ‘best-for-program outcomes’ working with the US Navy and a range of Original Equipment Manufacturers, such as Ultra and Lockheed Martin.

“The Combat System architectural principles applied by Raytheon Australia have given the Commonwealth an overall system of systems solution with effective balance between a system with a strong parent Navy pedigree and the Australian indigenous capability to select, manage and tailor sub-systems, weapons and effectors to best meet the capability needs of the Royal Australian Navy along with inherent through life support benefits,” Commodore Bourke said.

AWD Alliance General Manager Lloyd Beckett also reinforced the importance of this activity as a demonstration of the complex work being undertaken by the Alliance. “The activation of the combat system is an exciting time for a first-of-class ship such as Hobart. It is a further demonstration of the demanding work that we are executing on this project, and proof of our ability to manage the risks associated with highly complex integration activities. I am immensely proud of what the AWD Alliance is achieving together as one team,” said Lloyd.

The three destroyers will represent one of the world’s most advanced multi-purpose warships, providing the RAN with a cross-spectrum capability, from joint maritime operations and area air defence to escort duties and diplomatic missions.

(Aus AWD)

Vietnam T-55M3 is Equipped with Explosive Reactive Armor ERA

27 Juni 2016

T- 55M3 MBT of the Vietnamese Army (all photos : BaoDatViet) 

According to Lenta, after the T-54 Vietnam is Israel upgraded T-55M3 standard, the deck of this increase is a comprehensive makeover with unexpected strength.

Firepower: According to the source, upgraded tanks equipped with heavy machine gun NSV 12.7 mm manufactured by Vietnam, a gun capable of attacking low-flying aerial targets such as helicopters, UAVs ... In field conditions, can also lower barreled guns to attack the infantry and enemy vehicles.

However, the formidable firepower of tanks T-54 modernization / 55M3 is twisted 105 mm cannon type M68 / L7 of Israel. L7 cannon can shoot bullets APAM, or kinetic energy ammunition with cross bar with insulating tiles, enhance longevity and accuracy when shooting.

In addition, to further enhance the firepower attack, tanks T-54 / 55M3 is also equipped with a coaxial machine gun 7.62 mm PKT. According to Lenta, machine guns and self-produced by Vietnam.

60 mm mortar is being deployed on the main battle tanks and Magach Mekava of Israel. 60 mm mortar is being deployed on the main battle tanks and Magach Mekava of Israel. This vegetation type is also equipped by Vietnam. With the support of 60 mm mortars, tanks can attack more effective against infantry hiding in the fortifications, or even high-rise buildings.

Through pictures of prototypes made public, said Lenta, tank upgrade of Vietnam was equipped with meteorological sensors MAWS6056B due Idram Swiss company manufactured. MAWS6056B sensors provide meteorological parameters such as wind direction and speed, temperature and atmospheric pressure for the artillery ballistic computer. A special feature is the sensor is evaluated MAWS6056B modern, even advanced main battle tank of the French Leclerc are also using this sensor.

Defense system: On defense systems, tanks were fitted with explosive reactive armor Blazer ERA box of Israel. The two sides are designed turret assembly reaction notched corners beveled to enhance dispersion of force penetrating warhead, the rear is fitted with cage armor. Overall, the T-54 turret / 55M3 western-style design, is evaluating the effectiveness of defense many times higher than the old turret.

Under the plan, explosive reactive armor ERA 2nd generation developed by Vietnam will also be fitted to the position of "critical" by tanks, especially in front of the nose turret and vehicle.

To improve the viability of the tank, crawler systems have also been strengthened by the armor protection riem, similar to armor caterpillars on foreign tanks. Turret sides of the vehicle is also fitted with the system smoke grenade launchers (large container), to launch smoke hiding the enemy tanks were laser beam, or aiming.

According to the estimates of Lenta, version T-54 / 55M3 installed 1,000-horsepower diesel engine new German-made. With this engine, the ability to move the tanks will be increased significantly. The car is also fitted with the fire control system FCS Russian-made, perhaps this is a unique device is performed on the main Russian tank their upgrade.

It can be said, through the details of the weapons systems, defense, engine, computer ... are installed on tanks upgraded T-54 / 55M3 prove effective.
In the last exercise in 2011 to test the upgraded weaponry weapons DOD, T-55M3 tanks participated test firing and military officials appreciate, which, the car was able to shot while traveling forward, the ability to shoot the turret also faster than before.

However, this is not the only upgrade package of Israel in order to increase the power of T-54/55 that Vietnam can refer. In particular, Israel has unveiled a new upgrade package for many types of increases, including T-54/55 with fire control system TISAS completely new. With TISAS, tanks equipped fighting will increase efficiency and productivity by providing operational data in both day and night, poor visibility conditions allow accurate fire shoot enemy targets soon discovered first at long range.